Thursday, 19 September 2013
Posted by Homeocare Blog 02:01 No comments
Waterborne diseases are the major cause of death in the developing countries. Over 2 billion people worldwide lack access to safe drinking water. It is estimated that 2 million individuals, most of the children die each year from waterborne diseases. In one survey we found that 77% of the disease are waterbourne, 55% of the respondents said their family members, friends has fallen ill in the past one year and 53% of households use water purifier. 17% of house holds boil the water even though out of these 50% are not sure their water is healthy. 14% use packaged drinking water and 40% of households get water from bore wells and tankers.
Waterborne diseases are caused due to infectious agents that can be present in the water, soil or air. These agents include bacteria, viruses and parasites. The most common way these diseases affect the body is by causing diarrhoea in addition to other symptoms. Infants, children's, the elderly and individuals with the weakened immune system such as those with HIV or AIDS are specially warn able to waterborne diseases. These diseases are spreading in many ways, most commonly when individuals drink impure water. In developing countries water is often contaminated by faeces containing disease causing agents from humans or animals. People who drink the contaminated water may develop waterborne illness resulting in diarrhoea, arsenicosis, botulism, cholera, flurosis, hepatitis. The most common symptoms of waterborne diseases being abdominal cramping, vomiting, fever and diarrhoea possibly leading to severe dehydration, malnutrition and death.
Ways to reduce your risk of waterborne diseases are drink only clean water, wash your hands correctly, especially before preparing food or eating. Wash fruits and vegetables in clean water before eating and if you go swimming don't swallow the water.